While Renault has said it did not use illegal devices to detect emissions checks, VW settled criminal and civil issues with the U.S. 4 a long time in the past, pleading responsible to conspiracy to defraud the governing administration.

The diesel scandal, exposed by U.S. regulators in 2015, still haunts VW. The rigging has expense the world’s major automaker at least 32 billion euros so considerably. Lawsuits from disgruntled investors and prospects are set to drag on for a long time.

The cost represented a reopening of proceedings in Germany as well as the European Union’s Court docket of Justice that concluded in 2018 and 2020 respectively, VW said in a assertion. A double sentence for the very same offense should really be prohibited, the automaker said.

In addition to scrutinizing Renault and VW, French investigators have been conducting probes of PSA Group and Fiat Chrysler. The latter two organizations merged earlier this calendar year to variety Stellantis.